The capital of Granma Province. The city has a rich tradition of Cuban national pride and is often referred to as "the Birthplace of Cuban Nationality" and "the Cradle of Cuban Revolution." Additionally, Bayamo has always been a center of philosophy and maintains a rich intellectual and artistic tradition. With a population of 130,000 people, Bayamo has experienced considerable growth since it was founded by the Spanish in 1513 as one of the original seven Spanish cities in Cuba. Today, its major commercial importance is in sugar refining. Bayamo was a valuable hub in the Spanish slave trade, especially as sugarcane crops became the areas predominant economic asset. As a result, there is a strong base of Afro-Cuban culture in the area.